Anne Ballenger's Publications & Presentations
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Journal Articles and Presentations

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Here you will find abstracts of my latest publications and presentations.

Society for Applied Anthropology Conference,
April 21-25, 1999
Tuson Arizona.

Regular Session -"More Common Ground: A Dialogue with Students, Practitioners, & Academy".

Organizers: Ballenger, Anne (Catholic University) and Anderson, Adele (State University of New York).

Last year, a student-practitioner panel interrogated the efficacy and integration of graduate preparation, academia, and organized anthropology. This panel builds upon those efforts toward a more common ground for anthropology's future survival and engagement. The panelists' brief remmarks will span studen and practitioner experiences, inlcuding academic perspectives. We will engage the audience in a dialogue with us. Following our interactive dialogue Professor and Past AAA President James Peacock will lead a discussion on how we conceptualize, revitalize, and embrace the potential of our future.

Note, my contribution to recruitment of panelists and neccessary paper-work was minumal. Adele Anderson is credited with those achievements.

Panel participants:

  • Adele Anderson, Moderator
  • Anne Ballenger
  • Margaret Boone
  • George Castile
  • Eliot Lee
  • Reeves-Ellington
  • Andrew Gardner
  • Ellen Puccia
  • Riall Nolan
  • Nitza Diaz
  • James Peacock, Discussant
Panelists' paper titles to follow

Society of Applied Anthropology Conference
April 21-26,1998
San Juan, Puerto Rico

CORI Session -"Refugees and Immigrants: Education and Other Issues".

Ballenger, Anne (Catholic U.) Vietnamese Women Refugees: Illness Narratives
This paper focuses on a distinct population of Vietnamese refugees: the wives of recently re-located (1990-1995) re-education camp detainees. Personal illness narratives of five Vietnamese women and three spouses, who were key participants in illness episodes, were elicited and significant cultural meanings of illness were analyzed. Illness narratives are placed in a socio-cultural perspective including significant historical and economic issues, kinship and gender roles, for holistic analysis and interpretation. Significant cosmological sysmbols and meaings contained in illness narratives were identified and recommendations are made for refugee service agencies and care-givers.

Regular Session -"Training Applied Anthropologists: Students Critique Ph.D. Programs & Discuss Future Directions"

Organized by Peterson, Caroline (South Florida) and Levine, Cheryl (South Florida)
Ballenger, Anne (Catholic U) "The State of Affairs: Applied Doctoral Programs".
A survey of all applied doctoral students (includes archeology & cultural anthropology). Subsequently presented results to Catholic University's, Anthropology Department Chair.

Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
1998; Vol 25,539-543.

"Risk Assessment to Improve Targeting of HIV Counseling and Testing Services for STD Clinic Patients".
Chen Z; Branson B; Ballenger A; Peterman TA., Sex Transm Dis 1998 Nov; 25(10):539-43.

Background and Objective:

Study Design:



CDC, Div. of STD/HIV Prevention: Grantee Meeting
August 22-26, 1994
Washington, D.C.

A selected synopsis of the original study is presented below based on a 1994 presentation. Subsequently, this research was presented at the World AIDS Conference in Japan by Dr. Bernard Branson (CDC).

"HIV Test Results and Post-test Counseling by Telephone."
Branson, Bernard (CDC,AIDS Prevention), Ballenger, Anne (P.G. Health Dept), and Olthoff, Glen (P.G. Health Dept). 1994 Division of STD/HIV Prevention Grantee Meeting, Washington D.C.


  • The objective of the study was to assess the feasibility, client preferences, potential benefits, and adverse consequences of telephone notification for HIV test results in an STD clinic.


  • HIV testing was offered to all patients not tested within the past 3 months.
  • From 11/92 -4/93 patients were given the option to telephone (TN) or to return in person (IPN) for HIV test results and counseling, and asked to complete a questionnaire when they received results.
  • All patients testing positive were called to return in person for results, retesting, counseling and referral services.
  • The TN period was compared to the previous six months when only IPN was available.

Selected Results

  • When only IPN were available, 3002 (61%) patients agreed to HIV testing and counseling and 905(30%) returned for results.
  • When TN was offered, 3014 (81%) clients agreed to HIV testing.
  • Of those who agreed to HIV testing, 97% elected TN rather than IPN.
  • Further,1529 (51%) recieved results and post-test counseling by telephone.
  • Persons who elected TN were almost 2 times (1.7) as likely to recieve their results and post-test counseling than when TN was not offered.
  • Questionnaires were completed by 88% of the 1484 clients receiving TN. Most 87% preferred TN because of convenience, citing transportation problems and work schedules as disadvantages of IPN.
  • No adverse consequences were reported by Ss or by those testing positive and called in for results,post-test counseling,services and referral.

Selected Conclusions

  • When TN was offered, STD patients were more likely to be tested for HIV and more likely to recieve results and post-test counseling.
  • The majority of clients preferred TN over IPN, and no adverse consequences were found.
  • Telephone notification is feasible and should be considered by STD clinics.

For more information regarding this study please contact either myself, Dr. Bernard Branson, or Glen Olthoff.

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